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EAC Alumni Library: Citation Information

Welcome to Alumni Library

Citation Style Information

This Library Guide is intended to support the research needs of students regarding:

  • when to cite a source
  • what citation style to use
  • how to create citations

This guide currently offers information on APA and MLA citation styles.  Information will be provided for additional citation styles as time permits, but please let the library know if you need assistance with Chicago, Turabian or a different citation style.

Why You Should Cite Your Sources

  • Citations credit the author of the original work who provided you with the information or idea
  • Citations allow your audience to identify and find the source material in order to learn more about your topic
  • Citations give your paper more credibility because it shows you're supporting your arguments with high-quality sources
  • Citations help you avoid plagiarism & demonstrate your integrity as a responsible researcher and participant in your field of study

When to Cite a Source

Information that contributed to your thoughts, analysis or synthesis of ideas should be cited. Following are examples of when you should always cite your sources.

  • Direct quotes of more than one word; the author’s words are used to make your argument
  • Paraphrase someone's ideas by putting the idea or words into your own words
  • Summarize someone else's ideas or thoughts
  • Information that generally may be considered common knowledge but is not familiar to your reader including statistical information
  • Information you are not sure should be cited should be cited to avoid plagiarism

Selecting a Citation Style

Deciding which specific citation style to use depends on several factors:

  • what style is most-used in the discipline for which you are writing
  • what style is recommended or required by your instructor, department, school or college; always confirm with the instructor as to what specific style guide is allowed/required
  • what style is required by the editor, association or other source in which you are submitting a document for publication
​*All information on this page credited to ASU Libraries.